Chickpea Flour and Ferments
I have a love affair with chickpeas and especially chickpea flour. It’s so versatile I use it for sauces, to thicken a soup, fritters, and even in savory muffins. It’s actually used in Europe as a traditional flatbread as it picks up the taste from the fillings and toppings that you use.
There is nothing quite like a group of women gathered around the kitchen bench for a day of fermenting vegetables mixed with lots of laughter and stories. Last year we did this in one of my cooking workshops; it was a cool winter day and we preceded to wash, cook, chop, slice, press, mash, and stuff jars with all sorts of edibles.
These quick-pickled eggs with onion and beetroot were pickled in apple cider vinegar which is high in acetic acid. Like other acids, acetic acid can increase your body’s absorption of important minerals from the foods you eat.
Dosa is a thin gluten-free fermented pancake similar to a crepe. The fermentation process increases vitamin B and vitamin C and is a popular south Indian snack, breakfast, or meal that can be eaten with various fillings such as coconut chutney and dahl. Continue reading “Fermented Dosa”
Shelley and I shared these crepes first having some savour with beans and vegetables and then onto the yummy sweet ones with berries, mandarins and coconut yoghurt. The uncooked batter can be stored in the fridge for 5 days if it lasts that long before using it up. Just stir every few days to keep it fresh. It keeps fermenting just like a sourdough starter so if you don’t use it for 7 days remove it from the fridge, add some flour, water, stir and return it to the fridge where it should last another few days.
- ½ cup oat flour
- 2 cups sorghum or besan (chickpea) flour
- 1/2 teaspoon salt (omit if using Miso)
- 1 Tbsp maple syrup
- 2 tablespoons flax egg*
- 1 teaspoon chia seeds (optional)
- 2 cups lukewarm water
- 4 Tbsp sauerkraut juice or 1 Tbsp miso (this will help the batter ferment faster) optional
- Combine the dry ingredients in a large bowl.
- Add the water and juice or miso and flax egg* stirring to make a batter.
- Cover tightly. If you fail to wrap it tightly it will partially dry and will not work as well.
- Set aside in a warm place. Stir daily until bubbles appear. Usually ready after sitting aside overnight unless it very cold outside, then plan for another day.
- Place a small frying pan or skillet (for which you have a lid) on medium-high heat until it is warm. Oil pan.
- Using a measuring cup, pour ½ – ⅔ cup of batter into the centre of the pan. Quickly pick the pan up and move it to distribute the batter. Cover with lid and cook until bubbles appear then turn over and cook a few minutes longer. Repeat.
- Fill with your favourite filling- fruit, mandarins, apples, pears, dried fruit, coconut yoghurt, or leftover veg, tofu, beans, potatoes, hummus, and of course some ferments.
2 Tbsp. flaxseed meal (ground raw flaxseed) and 3-4 Tbsp. water
Add flaxseed meal and water to a dish and stir. Let rest for 5 minutes to thicken. Add to recipes in place of 1-2 eggs
Melbourne has the best selection of local fermented foods ever. Tempeh which I love to cook, has an enormous variety and one that I played around with while visiting a few months ago. It is a wonderful food for vegans, vegetarians alike and anyone who would like to try a different kind of protein that is fermented and can increase your friendly microbes to boost your immune system and general wellbeing.
½ cup fresh lemon juice
The rind of ½ lemon finely grated
1 tablespoon finely grated fresh ginger
1 tablespoon tamari or Shiro miso
1 1/2 tablespoons mirin
2 teaspoons maple syrup
1/2 teaspoon ground turmeric
¼ teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
150 gm. tempeh
2 – 3 tablespoons sesame or coconut oil
½ cup finely chopped spring onions
a handful of coriander leaves
½ cup pomegranate seeds
1. Combine the juice, rind, ginger tamari, mirin, maple syrup, turmeric and ground pepper in a small bowl or jar. Mix together, taste and adjust if necessary. Set aside.
2. Cut the tempeh in half diagonally, then cut each half again. Pat dry with a paper towel. If very thick, cut in half horizontally as well, but you may need to increase the amount of other ingredients.
3. Place the coconut oil (more if you have cut thick tempeh in half), so the base of the pan is well covered, over a medium high heat. When the oil is hot add the tempeh and fry until golden. Turn the heat down and cook until golden on the other side.
4. Pour the juice mixture into the pan and simmer for 10 minutes, or until the sauce has reduced down to a thick glaze.
Turn the tempeh over once or twice during this time and spoon the sauce over the tempeh from time to time.
5. Sprinkle with spring onions, fresh coriander and pomegranate seeds just before serving or cook along in the sauce.
1 cup unsalted cashews soaked for 30 minutes in warm water
½ cup almond milk
¼ cup basil leaves
2 garlic cloves
2 teaspoons Shiro Miso
1 large egg or Flaxseed egg *
a little leftover cooked veg.(optional)
1-2 cups pasta sauce
1-2 large zucchini or a few slices of Chinese cabbage
- Soak cashews in warm water and set aside.
- Preheat oven to 200 C. Oil a sheet of natural baking paper with oil and set aside.
- Slice the zucchini into 3 mm thin slices. Lay zucchini onto an oiled sheet and roast in the oven 10 minutes. Remove and set aside for 5 minutes before moving.
- If using cabbage, drop into boiling water for 1 minute and drain and cool.
- Meanwhile, drain cashews, and put in a food processor with the rest of the ingredients Blend till lightly cracked.
- Spread some of the pasta sauce into an oiled casserole dish.
- Lay a strip of zucchini or cabbage and spread about 1-2 tablespoons of the cashew mixture over each individual strip.
- Roll up and top with a teaspoon of the pasta sauce.
- Bake uncovered 15-20 minutes or until set. Serve topped with any ferment of your choice.
- To make a flax egg, mix one tablespoon ground flaxseed meal with three tablespoons of water. Mix together, and set aside for 15 minutes to set up and thicken.